Wall cloth: What do you call fabric hung on a wall?

Wall cloth for wall

Wall cloth, options for wall hangings with fabric and work order, choice of canvas to decorate the surface, and the positive aspects of using textiles in the interior of the room. Wall fabric with the material is a seamless surface with fabrics of different colors, compositions,s, and appearances and creates a unique design interior. In modern interiors, this interior is synonymous with the term “high style”. All information on the use of textiles in decoration is given below.

Pros and cons of fabric wall cloth

The positive aspects of covering walls with fabric are clearly visible if materials specially designed for this purpose are used in curtains:

  • Walls decorated with materials create a calm and comfortable environment in the room. The canvas softens the bright light from the lamps and the texture of the partition cover.
  • A canvas stretched over the slats does not need to level the base surface. The content will hide all the flaws.
  • For curtains, fabrics are used that are impregnated in a special way that does not fear ultraviolet radiation and stains.
  • The material gives the wall a special cool. Walls decorated with materials look good in rooms with any interior style.
  • A special canvas for walls slowly transfers mechanical stress and almost does not reduce it.
  • Walls with fabric have good heat and sound insulation that is formed due to a secured space between the canvas and the base surface.
  • The market has a large selection of textiles with various textures and colors for rooms with any practical purpose.
  • In the folds of textiles, minor damage and contamination of the material are invisible.
  • If the fabric is attached with a frame technology, it is easy to clean the fabric and remove it quickly for washing.
  • If you use a wide fabric that reduces the number of seams, they are not noticeable.
  • Natural fabrics create a breathable texture.
  • During the work, not much debris is formed.

Wall cloth with cloth also has its drawbacks:

  • The material collects dust well, which affects the climate of the room.
  • Textile fabric is short and quickly loses its attractive appearance, so repairs often need to be carried out in a room with fabric walls.
  • Buyers are sometimes discouraged by the high cost of canvas, which is even cheaper than wood panels.
  • It is more difficult to attach the fabric to lintel than to glue wallpaper.
  • The skin absorbs odors well, it is not recommended to install it in the kitchen and smoking rooms.
  • Fabrics react unpredictably to detergents and cleaners.

Choose materials for wall cloth  hangings

In finishing it is best to use synthetic material, it is easier to assemble and easy to use. The artificial fabric is allergenic, but retains its shape well, is wear-resistant, does not shrink after washing, and is not afraid of ultraviolet radiation.

The best choice for wall cloth is polyester, polyamide, or polyacrylic. It is recommended to use synthetic fabrics when it is not intended to peel the surface but to create light curtains. Also, artificial fabrics impregnated with a moisturizing compound are used to create the interior of the walls with curtains in damp rooms.

Natural materials include Jacquard, Sisal, Jute, and wool. Other types of textiles have serious flaws. Cotton is reduced after washing; size can be reduced by 5-7 cm per meter of linen. Flax decreases even more, moreover it loosens a lot. Silk has a very short lifespan; not all stains can be removed after washing.

To cover the walls you can use ordinary upholstery fabric, it was originally intended for all finishing work. This material is impregnated with protective material and it is difficult to damage it.

If it is planned to glue the material, then the best option would be a dense canvas – suede and velour. Carpet and velvet also have good properties. The chosen material should not stretch; such material will decline in the future. For soundproofing a room, use a heavy canvas – jacquard or textile on the back. You can also take a seamless material for wall decoration, which is used to create elastic ceilings.

Lovers of grace can create wallpaper with their own hands in popular classic styles:

  • Thin flowing fabrics and heavy fleecy are used to decorate the room in Byzantine style.
  • Wool, silk, and cotton fabrics with a geometric pattern or heraldic ornaments are characteristic of the Romanesque style.
  • Woolen or leather printed with crescents, stars, etc. is used in the Gothic style.
  • Dark blue or pink velvet on the walls and furniture creates a baroque style.
  • Pastel silk with a curly pattern is characteristic of the Rococo style.
  • The Russian style is characterized by the decoration of walls, windows, doors, and furniture in one material.

The material is best selected from large hardware stores with experienced retailers. When they buy, they will be able to provide important information about the product, such as how sunlight affects the material, whether there is a risk of fire, protective impregnation, and reinforcement on the back of the material. All of these properties affect the life of the skin.

In any case, be sure to check whether the fabric shrinks and sew the canvas for the entire wall with a slight edge in all directions. The work is carried out as follows:

  • Soak a small cloth in water and check the size after drying. If its size has changed a lot, you need to wet and dry all the fabric. After such a procedure, it will not shrink on the wall. With a slight shrinkage, it cannot be washed, it will help to stretch the material on the wall after the final attachment.
  • Cut strips of fabric from fabric, their length is equal to the height of the wall plus 10-15 cm.
  • Sew a canvas for each wall from the incisions 20 cm wide. Sew things with double stitching. If a label is planned, roll the material into a roll.

Fabric for wall cloth coverings

You can upholster the wall with a cloth in three ways: by pulling under the rail, on the rail, and gluing. At first glance, the work seems difficult, but in fact, it is not much different from pasting wallpaper.

Wall cloth for wall
Wall cloth for wall

The tension of the web on the railway

Fill in any large gaps on the wall, but you should not level the surface in one plane. On the wall above the floor and under the ceiling, draw lines in a horizontal plane, which will be the basis for the fastening of the rails? Make sure the distance between the lines is the same across the edge of the room.

Attach the 20×20 or 20×30 mm strips to the wall with self-tapping screws or dowels, the fastening method depends on the material of the partition. If you are going to insulate or soundproof the room, the bars are mounted on top of the wall. Another option – the bars to be recessed and left 1-2 mm. When installing the bracket, place the front of the rails in the same vertical plane.

Wood, metal and plastic moldings are suitable for creating a skeleton. It is convenient to use special profiles with ready-made fasteners; they allow you to take the canvas apart many times without damage. To create a frame with an arbitrary geometric shape, it is recommended to use PVC profiles.

Strips with planks around the ground on sockets, switches, and other accessories, as well as openings on doors and windows. For 5 minutes. Use a narrow spatula to push the cloth between the socket and the wall and cut off excess material.

After tension, there will be free space between the material and the wall, which is filled with insulation or sound insulation. The insulation is attached to the wall immediately after the installation of the pipes. It uses thin foam, polyurethane foam, felt, and other materials. The way to attach the insulation to the wall is by building glue. When working with the material, make sure that the glue does not appear on the outside of the material, later it may appear on the material. If necessary, cover the escaped adhesive with a finishing tape.

The technique of attaching the material to the wall depends on the way the curtains – in the form of a smooth surface or folding. If you decide to make a smooth wall cloth with your own hands, follow these steps:

  • Attach the material to the corner of the room by the rail with a nail.
  • Stretch the canvas towards the opposite corner of the wall and attach it to the slats, first above the ceiling, then above the floor, and along the edges of the walls.
  • Stretch the fabric evenly when attaching it and be careful not to wrinkle the fabric. Place the fasteners as close to the ceiling as possible so that they can be decorated later.

Drizzle wall with pleated fabric as follows:

  • Cut the fabric to the appropriate length from the workpiece. The canvas should be longer than the wall, the greater the difference, the more extensive the curtain.
  • Cover the edges of the fabric, and cut off excess threads.
  • Choose the type of curtain tape, the shape of the fold depends on it. Sew the tape along the edges of the fabric from the wrong side.
  • Iron the canvas carefully.
  • The form even folds on it. The final length of the protective cover must match the wall length.
  • Attach the material to the bars on the wall with special fasteners.
  • Install decorative elements on the bars to hide the fasteners.

Tension the material under the rail

For curtains, you need a canvas that is 10-15 cm larger than the wall size. The material is attached to the wall as follows:

  • Attach the material to the top of the wall with a nail, pull it along the wall and fasten it back to the opposite corner.
  • Install and attach the decorative strip to the wall, on top of the canvas. The complexity of the operation is that you should simultaneously pull the canvas and fasten the rail so that the work is done together.
  • Attach the rail to the wall with self-tapping screws with a decorative or lowered head. Cover the top of the cap with decorative plugs. The distance between the screws is 20-30 cm.
  • After the canvas has been attached to the walls, cut off the excess with scissors and leave a 1-2 cm edge. Bend these pieces in half and hide them under the rail, which will prevent the material from wearing out during use.
  • Decorate the bars under the ceiling with a decorative frame, and above the floor with a plinth.

Glue the material to the wall cloth

You can glue the material on any surface, but the quality of the skin depends on the condition of the wall, so it should be prepared in advance.

Stone walls are cleaned of dust and dirt and washed with soap. It is not recommended to wash the surface of the drywall. It is better to putty or paint defects. Soak the head of the fasteners by 1 mm, cover with oil paint, and cover with putty and sand after drying. Close the gaps between the panels with serpentine reinforcing tape.

Cover the table walls with fiberboard and work in the same way as plasterboard. Rinse rust on walls with a special liquid and glue the wallpaper.

If the wall is covered with oil paint and it sticks well, do not remove the layer but wash it with soap and water. Wash lacquered surfaces with water and sandpaper. Clean walls covered with whitewash completely with water and a spatula. Remove the foil and roll the material completely off the wall.

Uneven walls must be aligned in one plane. To do this, the surface is primed, then the first layer of putty is applied and large irregularities are eliminated. A day later, apply another coat of putty and then smooth. After drying, the surface is treated with fine sandpaper.

Before applying the glue, prime the wall with a special primer or a weak solution of wallpaper glue. The primer holds dust and yeast together and improves the quality of the adhesive bond.

If you are going to cover the wall with a material that is not up in the air, it is recommended to mark the location of the upper part of the material on the wall. To do this, draw a horizontal line with a pencil on the wall, at a certain distance from the ceiling. It is better to glue the canvas together: one worker must constantly keep the canvas on the wall while the other levels it.

The material is glued with furniture glue, flour paste, and mastic. The technique of gluing with furniture glue differs from other options due to its properties – it hardens under the influence of high heat, so you need a powerful iron to work.

The order of the adhesive fabric on the furniture adhesive is as follows:

  • Apply the adhesive solution to the wall. Under normal circumstances, furniture glue does not freeze for a long time, so you can spread the wall completely.
  • Start working from the corner of the room. For convenience, nail the canvas with a nail to the top of the wall.
  • Pull the canvas evenly over the wall and iron it with a heated iron. First, knit 0.5 m high strips in the upper part of the wall from one corner to the other, so it is easier to hold the canvas. The high temperature will melt the glue and absorb it into the material. Iron the material several times.
  • When you have reached the opposite wall, you should go back and repeat the operation: take a 0.5 m high strip below the glue and iron it with iron, glue it to the wall. In this way glue all the material.
  • After gluing the entire surface, remove the excess part of the blade with a sharp knife.

The technology for gluing materials with fast glue is different:

  • Roll the finished canvases sewn to the size of the wall into rolls, for each wall – its own.
  • Apply to the wall, in the corner of the room, a layer of glue – 10 cm wide, from ceiling to floor.
  • Roll out a small roll and attach the fabric to the glued strip, leaving a canvas on all sides of the wall.
  • Squeeze the air out from under the fabric with a roller.
  • While one person is holding the roll, the other uses the glue in a 10 cm strip under the ceiling.
  • Roll out a roll and glue the material to the top of the wall.
  • Temporarily attach the top and side of the cut to the wall with slats, which are attached to the wall with small nails at 10-30 cm intervals. The fasteners are folded in half.
  • After the side and top parts have dried, glue one side of the material and then the bottom.
  • Wait for the glue to harden completely and remove the temporary strips. Hold the bar by hand when removing nails.
  • Cut off excess material. Remove the edges of the material with decorative trim and panels.

When gluing the glue, keep the following in mind:

  • The material should not stretch; it should lie freely on the surface. If the canvas is an energy source, the glue will not be able to keep the material in this condition, because when heated it remains liquid and folds will appear on the wall.
  • The edges of the canvas can wear over time. To prevent the curtain from getting worse, apply a layer of glue around the edge of the wall a little thicker than in the middle. It will saturate the fabric well and strengthen the edges of the fabric.
  • After gluing, carefully inspect the wall for air bubbles. If such images appear, pierce them with a needle and smooth the area with a hot iron.
  • The opportunity to fix defects in the glued material lasts for three days. During this time, the glue melts after heating and the material can be glued again. After a few days, the glue hardens completely and the material cannot be removed without damage.
  • During use, the room should not be more than +18 degrees and humidity not more than 80%.
  • Holes in the material for plugs and other electrical fittings are made after the material is finally attached to the wall.
  • Small areas of light tissue can be fixed with adhesive tape.
  • It is recommended to use a large material to cover the walls in one piece without sewing.
  • Buy canvas with a margin. The material may later come in handy for restoration work.